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Foot Anatomy

Our team of specialists and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire Web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.

What is a Foot and Ankle Surgeon?

When to Call A Doctor
 


Foot Problems

General Statistics


Achilles Problems

Achilles Tendonitis | Peroneal Tendon Dislocation| Xanthomas of the Achilles Tendon


Ankle Problems

Ankle Sprain | Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain | Osteochondritis


Arch and Ball Problems

Flat Feet | Metatarsalgia | Plantar Fibromas | Sesamoiditis


Common Foot Injuries

Ankle Sprain Injuries | Broken Ankle | Fractures | Osteochondritis | Osteochondromas | Shin Splints | Sports Injuries


Deformities

Amniotic Band Syndrome | Bunions | Claw Toe | Clubfoot | DysplasiaFlat Feet | Gordon Syndrome | Haglunds Deformity | Hallux Limitus | Hallux Rigidus | Hallux Varus | Hammertoes | Jackson Weiss Syndrome | Mallet Toes | Metatarsalgia | Osteomyelitis | Overlapping or Underlapping Toes | Peroneal Tendon Dislocation | Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction | Sesamoiditis | Spurs | Tarsal Coalition


Diabetes and Your Feet

 

Diseases of the Foot

Arthritis | Cancer | Charcot Foot | Freiberg's Disease | Gout | Kaposi's Sarcoma | Kohler's Disease | Maffucci's Syndrome | Ollier's Disease | Raynaud's Disease | Seiver's Disease


Fungus Problems

Common Fungal Problems | Athletes Foot | Fungal Nails | Other Tips | Prevention


Heel Problems

Haglunds Deformity | Heel Callus | Heel Fissures | Plantar Fasciitis


Nail Problems

Black Toenails | Ingrown Toenails | Nail Fungus


Skin Problems

Allergies | Athletes Foot | Blisters | Burning Feet | Calluses | Corns | Cysts | Frostbite | Fungus | Gangrene | Lesions | Psoriasis | Smelly Feet and Foot Odor | Swelling | Ulcers | Warts


Toe Problems

Bunions | Claw Toe | Digital Deformity | Hallux Limitus | Hallux Rigidis | Hallux Varus | Hammertoes | Intoeing | Overlapping or Underlapping Toes | Subungal Exotosis | Turf Toe


Vascular/Nerve Problems

Acrocyanosis | Alcoholic Neuropathy | Chilblains (Cold Feet) | Erythromelalgia | Ischemic Foot | Neuroma | Spasms | Venous Stasis

Overview of Feet and Ankle Problems

Basic Foot Care Guidelines

 

Medical Care

Diagnostic Procedures

Computed Tomography | MRI | Ultrasound | X-Rays


Orthotics



Pain Management

General Information and Tips | Pain Management for Specific Conditions


Surgical Procedures

General Information | Achilles Surgery | Ankle Surgery | Arthritis Surgery | Arthroscopy | Bunion Surgery | Cyst Removal | Flatfoot CorrectionHeel Surgery | Metatarsal Surgery | Nerve Surgery | Toe Surgery


Therapies

Athlete's Foot Treatment | Cryotherapy | Extracorporeal Shock Wave | Fungal Nail Treatment | Physical Therapy | Iontophoresis | Neurolysis


Fitness and Your Feet

Exercise Those Toes | Aerobics | Fitness and Your Feet | Stretching | Walking and Your Feet | Jogging and Running


Sports and Your Feet

Baseball | Basketball | Cycling | Golf | Jogging and Running | Tennis


Foot Care

Basic Foot Care Guidelines | Athletic Foot Care | Blisters | Childrens Feet | Corns and Calluses | Diabetic Foot Care | Foot Care for Seniors | Foot Self Exam | Pedicures | Your Feet at Work | Bunion Prevention | Burning Feet | Ingrown Nails | Nutrition For Your Feet


Women's Feet

High Heels | Stockings? | Pregnancy | Women Over 65


Foot Odor and Smelly Feet

Prevention | Treating Foot Odor


Shoes

Facts About Shoes | Anatomy of a Shoe | Athletic Shoe Guidelines | Children's Shoes | Corrective and Prescription Shoes | What to Look ForMen's Shoes | Women's Shoes | Your Footprint | Wear Patterns


Links

Associations/Groups | GovernmentOnline Resources

 

The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles, and numerous tendons. Complex biomechanics keep all these parts in the right position and moving together. Given these intricacies, it is not surprising that most people will experience some problem with their feet at some time in their lives.

Within each foot, the essential structure can be summed up as follows:

  • Seven short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep.
  • Five metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward front and make up the structure for the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is associated with one of the toes.
  • Fourteen phalanges, small bones, form the toe structure.
  • Tarsal and metatarsal bones provide the structure for the arch of the foot.
  • Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
  • A thick layer of fatty tissue under the sole helps absorb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.


 

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Find Our Office

West Lawn Podiatry
Center for Foot & Ankle Care

25 Stevens Avenue

West Lawn, PA 19609

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